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Two-Spirit Reading and Resorces


Chacaby, M. & Plummer, M. L. (2016). A Two-Spirit Journey: the autobiography of a lesbian Ojibwa-Cree elder. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.

Driskill, Q., Finley, C, Gilley, B.J. & Morgensen, S.L. (Eds.). (2011). Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.

Gilley, B. J. (2006). Becoming Two-Spirit: gay identity and social acceptance in Indian Country. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

Heavy Runner, R.E. (2001). Troubling Intersections of Race and Sexuality: Queer Students of Color and Anti-Oppressive Education. In Kumashiro K.K. (Ed.). First Nations, Queer and Education. (pp. 131 – 134). Oxford: Rowland & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Heavy Runner, R.E. & Upham, P.W. (2014). Voices from the Rainbow. In Taylor, T.L. (Ed.). The Indian Way – Mother and Son. (pp, 310 – 324). Hillsboro: Mother Warrior Press.

Jacobs, S. E., Thomas, W., & Lang, S. (Eds.). (1997). Two-Spirit People: Native American gender identity, sexuality, & spirituality. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Lang, S. (1998). Men as Women, Women as Men: changing gender in Native American cultures. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Little Thunder, B. & Proulx-Turner, S. (2016). One Bead at a Time: a memoir, Beverly Little Thunder as told to Sharron Proulx-Turner. Toronto: Inanna Publications and Education Inc.

Roscoe, W. (1998). Changing Ones: third and fourth genders in Native North America. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.

Roscoe, W. (Ed.). (1988). Living the Spirit: a gay American Indian anthology. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Roscoe, W. (1991). The Zuni Man-Woman. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Smithers, G. (2022). Reclaiming Two-Spirits; sexuality, spiritual renewal & sovereignty in Native America. Boston: Beacon Press.

Vernon, I.S. (2001). Killing Us Quietly: Native Americans and HIV/AIDS. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

Williams, W.L. (1992). The Spirit and the Flesh: sexual diversity in American Indian culture. Boston: Beacon Press.



Fife, C., (1999). Speaking Through Jagged Rock. Fredericton: Broken Jaw Press.

Smith, C., (1995). Fire Power. Vancouver: Press Gang Publishers.

Smith, C., (1988). Not Vanishing. Vancouver: Press Gang Publishers.

Smith, C., (1995). Fugitive Colors. Cleveland: Cleveland State University Poetry Center.

Smith, C., (1993). In Her I Am. Vancouver: Press Gang Publishers.

Smith, C., (1991). Dream On. Vancouver: Press Gang Publishers.

Whitehead, J. (2017). Full-Metal Indigiqueer. Vancouver: Talonbooks.



Martin R. & Nibley, L. (Producers), & Nibley, L. (Director). (2010). Two-Spirits. (film). Say Yes Quickly  Riding The Tiger  Just Media.

Baldassi, J., D’Oliveria, D., Paon, G.P. (Producers), & Hannam, B. (Director). (2021). Wildhood. (film). Rebel Road Films  Younger Daughter Films.

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